living computation

in the end, living systems and computational systems turn out to be the same thing.

they may not seem that way now, but that's because we've got some wrong ideas about what machines and life really are.

life is robust, machines are not; that must change.

in five: what is a machine?

in thirty: introduction to artificial life

in words: real artificial life

...Manufactured computers began as 'pure mind designs' but were not thereby excused from the demands of existing in the physical world. With the rise of networked computing, and the rise of computers intended to survive in consumer environments and without the benefit of an expert human system administrator, the 'IOU: A body' notes issued fifty years ago and more are now rapidly coming due.... read more... from the top...